CHAPTER 6: THE DHATUS

6.1 What is Dhatu?

DHATU, A SANSKRIT WORD, REFERS TO THE SEVEN BUILDING BLOCKS OF THE PHYSICAL BODY. THE SEVEN DHATUS IN THE BODY ARE COLLECTIVELY KNOWN AS SAPTADHATU.

Dhatus are a layer or stratum associated with the tissues of the body. They actively support the structure of the body and its functioning aids in both physical and psychological health. Each dhatu is developed or transformed out of the previous tissue layer. Regular practice of yoga and meditation help balance and maintain dhatu. The seven dhatus are rasa, rakta, mamsa, meda, asthi, majja and shukra.

OJAS IS KNOWN AS THE EIGHTH DHĀTU, OR MAHĀDHĀTU (GREAT DHĀTU), WHICH IS CONSIDERED SUPERIOR

The saptadhatu or the 7 dhatus are listed below:

RASA

  • Rasa found in lymph, is the first of seven dhatus
  • It is nourished from the juices of digested food
  • Soon after absorption, it circulates in the entire body via specific channels
  • It functions to provide nutrition to each and every nook of the body

RAKTA

  • Rakta is the second of seven dhatu formed from rasa by metabolic processes
  • Rakta mainly contains the Red Blood Cells (RBCs), which carry prana (life energy or oxygen) to all parts of the body
  • This oxygenates and aids the functioning of all the tissues in your body

MAMSA

  • Mamsa or the muscle tissues are nourished by Rakta
  • It mainly functions to coordinate movement but also to provide structure and protection

MEDA

  • Meda, the fat tissue, acts as the insulating system to protect the body heat
  • It also lubricates tissues and joints

ASTHI

  • Commonly referred to as the bone and gives support to the body structure

MAJJA

  • Bone marrow and nerves
  • It fills up the bony spaces, carries motor and sensory impulses and facilities the communication between the bodily organs and cells

SHUKRA

  • Reproductive fluid, which provides deeply seated strength to the body but is majorly involved in the creation of new life
  • It is active during sexual contact

In the next chapter, we look at the six rasas or tastes and their connection to your health. Take a look at Chapter 7 here.

Or if you prefer, refer back to the broader course outline here. 

Scroll down below if you have questions relating to this chapter. 

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Dr. Maneesh S

Ayurveda Doctor

Dr. Maneesh S is an authority in the field of traditional style of Ayurvedic treatment. With over 10 years of expertise and a proven track record of classical style of treatment his work has immensely benefited several people all over India and the world. He mastered the Ayurvedic method of treatment from the renowned Pankajakasthuri Ayurveda Medical College, Trivandrum. His experience includes working with Somatheeram Resorts, Club Mahindra Resorts and as a Dubai Healthcare City licensed Consultant Physician. He has also traveled extensively across the length and breadth of the Indian subcontinent collecting medicinal plants to replenish his extensive organic infusions. He has treated patients with chronic and complicated diseases as well as delivered lectures on Ayurveda, partaken in discussions and seminars pertaining to the propagation of various treatment modalities cited in the Ayurveda texts. With his extensive knowledge on various subjects like Sanskrit, Vedas, Mythology, ancient Indian Culture and Classical arts etc., he is considered to be one of the best in the industry.

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